A query easily raised but not so easily answered. Why? Because there are many answers. In fact there are almost infinite answers because it depends on the route you take.
An easier question to answer is:
“What is the minimum distance for LEJOG?”
The distance from Lands End to John O’Groats is 603 miles (970 km). But that is a straight line distance. Fine if you are the proverbial crow but if you are cycling it would mean somehow crossing the Irish Sea and traversing a lot of countryside without roads.
So, a better question is:
“What is the minimum distance, by road, for LEJOG?”
Inputting Lands End to John O Groats into Google Maps reveals the quickest route as 837 miles (1,348 km) and uses A30, M5, M6, A74(M), M73, M80, M9, A9 and A99.
The shortest route, using a mix of minor roads and motorways is 814 miles (1,310 km) This route is roughly: Lands End, Bodmin, Okehampton, Tiverton, Taunton, Bridgwater, the M5 Avon Bridge, the M48 Severn Bridge, Monmouth, Hereford, Shrewsbury, Tarporley, St Helens, Preston, Carlisle, Beattock, Carstairs, Whitburn, Falkirk, Stirling, Crieff, Kenmore, Dalchalloch, A9, Inverness, Kessock Bridge, Cromarty Bridge, Dornoch Firth Bridge, Latheron, Wick, John O’Groats.
Unfortunately both route use motorways and cyclist are not permitted.
So the best question is:
“What is the minimum distance, by road where cycling is permitted, for LEJOG?”
The signposts at both Lands End and John O’Groats indicate a distance of 874 miles (1,407 km) to their counterpart which is often taken as the shortest road distance between the two points.
However, Google Map reveals a route with a distance of 866 mile (1.394 km), avoiding all motorways.
The route is roughly: Lands End, Bodmin, Okehampton, Exeter, Honiton, Shepton Mallet, Gloucester, Leominister, Shrewsbury, Tarporley, St Helens, Preston, Kendal, Carlisle, Beattock, Carstairs, Whitburn, Falkirk, Perth, Pitlochry, Aviemore, Kessock Bridge, Cromarty Bridge, Dornoch Firth Bridge, Latheron, Wick, John O’Groats.
So the answer is that the minimum distance by bike is 866 miles (1,394km) but most people would not want to ride that route because it follows a lot of very busy main roads. The reality is that most routes will be between 900 and 950 miles. I have ridden end to end 3 times and my respective routes were 882 miles (1,420 km), 938 miles (1,510 km) and 953 miles (1,534 km).
Many riders deliberately lengthen the route to 1,000 miles to add an extra challenge.
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